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[小站机经与真题] 【7月GRE作文机经】考前预测8日_17日写作argument:

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发表于 2016-7-1 07:30 | 小站托福TPO客户端

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【7月 考试提示】
7月GRE一共有两场考试:(点击日期查看本场考试相关备战指导)
7月8日7月17日(点击日期查看本场考试相关内容)
本月作文部分预测题目一共有3题,大家考前把这四道题目都自己写一遍,计算好时间,认真模拟练习,并且把自己的习作贴出来,会有老师进行评分,同学之间也可以相互学习哦!
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The best way to understand the character of asociety is to examine the character of the men and women that the societychooses as its heroes or its role models.

本题分析::

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发表于 2016-7-16 21:33 |显示全部楼层
1.    As____from Japan, he was called upon toanswer questions about the Japanese government's position on various issues.

A.aplenipotentiary
B.atyro
C.alegate
D.ananchorite
E.anascetic
F.asybarite
AC
2.    While the group's street protests assumed anassertory uncompromising tenor, once admitted to the halls of power to beginformal lobbying, the group's leadership wisely chose to_____ the stridency oftheir rhetoric.

A.metamorphose
B.gild
C.wane
D.palliate
E.succor
F.damp
答案:D F.
解析:
While作尽管之意,表转折,那么起先是很强硬的游行,once一旦同意了……随后抗议的领导层也有所和缓克制。
3.    The women's rights movement has beenmostly____ in the Middle East, but it islikely that activists will be newlygalvanized by the political upheavalscurrently sweeping the region.

A.subverted
B.quiescent
C.interminable
D.bootless
E.abeyant
F.feckless
答案:B E.
解析:
Itislikely that极有可能发生的是激进分子会被刺激到,那么还有个but连接两句话,所以前后意思应该是相反的。
4.    Debate rages on between proponents ofcorporal punishment and the death penalty and their detractors, though even themost rabid supporter agrees that punishments must be___ and the justice systemeven handed and thorough.

A.meet
B.clement
C.delimited
D.condign
E.tantamount
F.merciful
答案:A D.
解析:
Debaterage辩论的怒火是在proponent支持者与detractor贬低者之间,thougheven表示尽管,表让步,那么rabid supporter的观点应是后面thejustice systemevenhanded and thorough的同等意义。
5.    Changes made to ecosystems in order toachieve a goal, such as food production or flood control, often ______significant unforeseen trade-offs between other important products and servicesthe ecosystems provide.

A.predict
B.delay
C.foretell
D.obscure
E.yield
F.engender
答案:yield,engender
解析:
空格中填的词应为导致,产生之意的词。
6.    One big challenge with placebo responses isthat they are ______: people given the same inert pill or potion may showwildly different reactions, and the effects can vary widely according to eachperson’s illness.

A.capricious
B.illusory
C.unpredictable
D.chimerical
E.marginal
F.ephemeral
答案:capricious,unpredictable
解析:
根据句意可以知道不同的人吃了药后反应不一。故药效无法预计。
7.    The uniquely human ability to rethink andrevise our social arrangements is a weird blessing, allowing us to createsystems that are as likely to ____us as toliberate us.

A.cheer
B.shackle
C.admonish
D.educate
E.stifle
F.enliven
答案:shackle,stifle
解析:
该题关键在于a weirdblessing. 故空格处应填与liberateus相反含义的词。
8.    Although field studies have linkedinbreeding to declines among song sparrow populations, some researchers arguethat, in nature, inbreeding proves   _____asa factor when comparedwith crushing blows from weather changes.

A.hazardous
B.momentous
C.trivial
D.significant
E.precarious
F.inconsequential
答案:trivial,inconsequential
解析:
该句大意为,虽然近亲繁殖导致了songsparrow数量下降,但是有些研究人员指出,比起恶劣的天气变化,近亲繁殖的影响微不足道。
9.    Although the insistence on balancingspending against tax revenues has contributed to the economy'sstagnation,unfortunately, the government does not seem likely to_____ thisrigid policy.

A.initiate
B.persistin
C.publicize
D.repudiate
E.continue
F.recant
答案:repudiate,recant
解析:
Unfortunately,表明政府不愿放弃这个严苛的政策。故选有放弃含义的词
10.  Sinceitwas committed to the idea of science as an international, politically neutralenterprise, the Royal Society of London refused to____ members from enemynations during world wars of the twentieth century.

A.betray
B.expel
C.endorse
D.oust
E.sanction
F.condemn
答案:expel,oust
解析:
前后是因果关系。句子前半部分大意为科学是无国界的,中立的。故句子后半部分大意为,皇家科学协会拒绝开除来自敌国的会员
11.  Flawedasit may be because it is conducted by subjective scientists, science itselfhas methods that help us____our biases and talk about objective reality withsome validity.

A.bypass
B.reduce
C.exacerbate
D.magnify
E.acknowledge
F.circumvent
答案:bypass,circumvent
解析:
该句大意为,虽然科学也会因主观因素产生错误,但科学本身作为一种方法帮助我们绕过偏见,有效地讨论客观事实。
12.  Althoughone can adduce myriad of examples of ecosystem disruption by nonindigenousspecies, nevertheless most introduced species that survive in fact appeartohave quite_____ effects on the ecosystem they have invaded.

A.minimal
B.trifling
C.marked
D.conspicuous
E.intriguing
F.deleterious
答案:minimal,trifling
解析:
Nevetheless前后转折,故填与disruption相反含义的形容词,影响小的。
·     Because of the proximity and likenessof Mars to Earth, scientists have long speculated about the possibility of lifeon Mars. Roughly three centuries ago, astronomers observed Martian polar icecaps, and later scientist’s discovered other similarities to Earth, includinglength of day and axial tilt. But in 1965, photos taken by the Mariner 4 proberevealed a Mars without rivers, oceans or signs of life. Moreover, in the1990s, it was discovered that unlike Earth, Mars no longer possessed asubstantial global magnetic field, allowing celestial radiation to reach theplanet's surface and solar wind to eliminate much of Mars's atmosphere over thecourse of several billion years. More recent probes have investigated whetherthere was once liquid water on Mars. Some scientists believe that the presenceof certain geological landforms definitively resolves this question. Othersposit that wind erosion or carbon dioxide oceans may be responsible for theseformations. Mars rovers Opportunity and Spirit, which landed on Mars in 2004,have both discovered geological evidence of past water activity. These findingssubstantially bolster claims that there was once life on Mars.
The passage is primarily concerned with whichof the following?
(A) Disproving a widely accepted theory.
(B) Initiating a debate about the possibility of life onMars.
(C) Presenting evidence in support of a controversial claim.
(D) Describing the various discoveries made concerning thepossibility of life on Mars.
(E) Detailing the findings of the Mars rovers Opportunity andSpirit.
答案:D
通读段落,可知围绕主题是the possibility of life on Mars,且涉及了不止一个,而是很多个不同的discoveries。
·     In the early years of television,Vladimir Zworykin was considered its inventor, at least publicly. His loudestchampion was his boss David Sarnoff, the president of RCA and the “father oftelevision,” as he was and is widely regarded. Modern historians agree thatPhilo Farnsworth, a self-educated prodigy who was the first to transmit liveimages, was television's technical inventor. But Farnsworth's contributionshave gone relatively unnoticed, since it was Sarnoff, not Farnsworth, who puttelevisions into living rooms and, even more importantly, who successfullyborrowed from the radio industry the paradigm of advertiser-funded programming,a paradigm still dominant today. In contrast, Farnsworth lacked business swayand was unable to realize his dream of television as an educational tool.
Perhaps Sarnoff simply adapted his business ideas from otherindustries such as newspapers, for instance, replacing the revenue fromsubscriptions and newsstand purchases with that of television set sales, butSarnoff promoted himself as a visionary. Some critics argue that Sarnoff’sconstruct has damaged programming content. Others contend that it merelycreated a democratic platform allowing audiences to choose the programming theydesire.
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) correct public misconceptionabout Farnsworth’s role in developing early television programs
(B) debate the influence oftelevision on popular culture
(C) challenge the current publicperception of Vladimir Zworykin
(D) chronicle the events that ledfrom the development of radio to the invention of the television
(E) describe Sarnoff’s influence onthe public perception of televisions inception, and debate the impact ofSarnoff’s paradigm
答案:E
虽然文章开始提及了几个人物都是与television有关,然而主角还是随后出现的Sarnoff的一系列贡献以及对他的一些评价等等,所以选E。
2. It can be inferred from the secondparagraph of the passage that
(A) television shows produced byDavid Sarnoff and Vladimir Zworykin tended to earn negative reviews
(B) educational programs cannot drawas large an audience as sports programs
(C) a number of critics feel thatSarnoff’s initial decision to earn television revenue through advertising hashad a positive or neutral impact on content
(D) educational programs that areaired in prime time, the hours during which the greatest number of viewers arewatching television, are less likely to earn a profit than those that are airedduring the daytime hours
(E) in matters of programming, theaudiences preferences should be more influential than those of the advertisers
答案:C
着重看第二段,排除未提及的选项及错误部分,应选C。
Uponmaturity, monarch butterflies travel hundreds of miles fromtheir places oforigin and lay their eggs on milkweed. The caterpillars thatemerge feed onmilkweed and absorb the glycosides in milkweed sap. The specificglycosidespresent in milkweed differ from region to region within the monarchbutterfly’srange. Mature butterflies retain the glycosides in a mature monarchbutterflycould be used to determine its place of origin.
Which of the following, if true, most strengthensthe argument?
A.Mature monarch butterflies do not feed on parts of milkweed thatcontainglycosides.
B.The glycosides in milkweed sap are slightly toxic to caterpillars ofotherspecies.
C.The vast majority of the monarch butterflies that are laying eggs in agivenregion will have traveled there from a single region.
D.There are substances other than glycosides in milkweed sap thataccumulate in amonarch caterpillar and are retained in the body of the maturebutterfly.
E.There are certain glycosides that are found in the sap of all milkweeds,nomatter where they grow within the monarch butterfly’s range.
C
Acave in Central America was occupied by humans for much of the period from9,000 to 500 years ago. Archaeological excavations in the cave have discoveredremains of food plants at every level of habitation, increasing from fewer thanten food plant species in the earliest (lowest) levels to over 30 species inthe latest levels. Clearly, later inhabitants of the cave used a greatervariety of plants as food than earlier inhabitants did.
Which of the following, if true of the cave, mostweakens the argument?
(A)Some of the plant species found in the earlier (lower) levels of habitation arenot found at all in the later (upper) levels of habitation.
(B)The remains of some plant species, such as squash and chili peppers, showchanges from the middle to the later (upper) levels that indicatedomestication.
(C)At certain points during the period from 9,000 to 500 years ago, the cave wasabandoned for a time and later reoccupied by people who were probably of adifferent culture than the earlier inhabitants
(D)Virtually all the plant remains found at earliest (lowest) levels of habitationare tough fibers that are relatively resistant to decomposition.
(E)The total volume of food plant remains found in the earlier (lower) layers wasgreater than that found in the later (upper) layers.
参考答案:
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D
文本大意为:中美洲的一个洞穴在之前的9000至500年间,有人类居住。考古学家发现其中不同时期遗留下的食物类植物。其中早期的有不到十种,后期有超过三十种。显然,后期居住者的食物种类更多。
题目要求选择一个选项,削弱文本论证。选项D符合:发现的早期食物几乎都是不容易被分解的茎类植物。也就是说,其他类型的食物可能因年代久远都已经被分解了,考古学家无法发现,故无法判断前期食物种类就比后期少。

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发表于 2016-8-15 09:20 |显示全部楼层
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