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[TPO阅读] TPO45托福阅读Passage 1 题目解析完整版(小站教育出品)

 
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发表于 2016-7-18 18:46 |显示全部楼层
近期TPO托福模考软件新增了40-48套题,那么对于TPO40-48套题大家都做过了吗?
是不是有哪些题目你还不会呢?
今天这里主页君为大家带来了TPO45托福阅读Passage 1 的全套题目解析
正在备考托福阅读的考试快来学习一下吧。

TPO45托福阅读Passage 1 的阅读文章下载请点这里:http://bbs.zhan.com/thread-301693-1-1.html

1. The word"remnants" in the passage is closest in meaning  【词汇题】
O remains  
O evidence
O results
O reminders
答案:A
解析:

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2. The word"domain" in the passage is closest inmeaning to 【词汇题】
O field of expertise
O challenge
O interest
Oresponsibility
答案:A
解析:

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3. According to paragraph 3, all of thefollowing are true of the Beringian landscape EXCEPT.  【否定事实信息题】
O There was little vegetation.
O The mammalspecies there all survived into modern versions.
O Theclimate was drier than it is today.
O There weremountains with glaciers.
答案:B
解析:

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4. The purpose ofparagraph 3 is to 【修辞目的题】
O contrast today’s Beringian landscape with otherlandscapes in the American continent
O describe the Beringian landscape during the lastice age
O explain why so many Beringian species becameextinct during the last ice age
O summarize the information about Beringia thathistorians agree on
答案:B
解析:

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5. The word "continuous” in the passage isclosest in meaning to 【词汇题】
Ounpredictable
O very cold
O dangerous
O uninterrupted
答案:D
解析:

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6. Which of thesentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlightedsentence in the passage? Incorrect choices changethe meaning in important ways or leave out essential information. 【句子简化题】
O Accordingto biologist Dale Guthrie, mammal species require broad areas of vegetation tosurvive.
O DaleGuthrie is an Arctic biologist who argued that broad areas of dense vegetationwere surely enough to attract mammals such as mammoth, horse, and bison toBeringia.
O DaleGuthrie argued that Beringia, though cold and dry, must have had enough densevegetation to support the herds of mammoth, horse, and bison that lived there.
O As long as Beringia was cold and dry, argued DaleGuthrie, dense vegetation grew in order to support the herds of mammoth, horse,and bison—the mammal species present there.
答案:C
解析:

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7. According toparagraph 4Guthriebelieves that the teeth of ice-age fauna support which of the followingconclusions? 【事实信息题】
O Large mammalswould not have been able to survive in the Beringian landscape.
O Grasslandswere part of the Beringian landscape.
O Strongwinds exposed dry grasses under the snow.
O Horses and bison did not have the ability tosearch for food through deep snow cover..
答案:B
解析:

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8. According toparagraph 4which of the following statements istrue of the relationship between ice- age Benngian animals and theirenvironment? 【事实信息题】
O When present in sufficient quantities, lichensand mosses provide enough nutrients to satisfy the needs of herds of largemammals.
O Theanatomy of certain animals present in that environment provides informationabout the intensity of winds there at that time.
O Thestructure of the teeth of most ice-age fauna indicates that they preyed onanimals such as the mammoth, horse, and bison.
O Horses and bison are large enough that their feetcan easily penetrate deep snow and uncover areas where they can feed on plantmaterial.
答案:B
解析:

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9. In paragraph5, the amount of pollen in Beringian lake sediments from the last ice age isused to explain 【修辞目的题】
O    how long the ice age lasted
O    how important pollen is as a source of food
O    how many different kinds of plants producepollen
O    how little vegetation must have been presentat that time
答案:D
解析:

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10. According to paragraph 5, how did DaleGuthrie use the information about radiocarbon analysis of bones from Benngiandeposits? 【事实信息题】
O To suggestthat Colinvaux should have used different methods to measure the amount ofpollen in ice-age lake sediments
O To arguethat the large Beringian mammals must have eaten plants that produce little, ifany, pollen
O To showthat the conclusions that Colinvaux drew from the analysis of pollen in ice-agelake sediments cannot be correct
O To explainwhy so-called polar deserts are incapable of supporting such large animals asmammoth, horse, and bison
答案:C
解析:

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11. The word "plausible" in the passage is closest in meaning to 【词汇题】
O preferable
O practical
O reasonable
O advantageous
答案:C
解析:

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12. Which of the following best describes the organization of paragraph 6 ? 【事实信息题】
O Twocontrasting views are presented, and a study that could decide between them isproposed
O Anargument is offered, and reasons both for and against the argument arepresented
O A claim ismade, and a study supporting the claim is described
O Newinformation is presented, and the information is used to show that twocompeting explanations can each be seen as correct in some way.
答案:D
解析:

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13. Look at the foursquares [] that indicatewhere the following sentence could be added to the passage. 【句子插入题】
Nevertheless, large animals managed to survivein Beringia.
Where would the sentence best fit? Click on a square [■] to add the sentence to the passage.
答案:B
解析:

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14. Directions: An introductorysentence for a brief summary of the passage is provided below. Complete the summary by selecting the THREE answer choices that expressthe most important ideas in the passage. Some sentences do not belong in thesummary because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or areminor ideas in the passage. This question isworth 2 points. 【概要小结题】
Drag your answer choices to the spaces where theybelong. To remove an answer choice, click on it.
To review the passage, click VIEW TEXT
During the last ice age, human hunters pursued large mammals across Beringia,a land whose climatic characteristics have been in dispute.
AnswerChoices
Strong evidence indicates that large mammals likemammoth and bison survived in the harsh ice-age Beringian landscape.
Carnivores such as the saber-tooth cat were primarilyresponsible for the disappearance of the largest of the grazing animals, butthe harsh winters caused some grazers to die of starvation.
The discovery that grasses, sedges, and mossessurvived under the thick ash from a large volcanic eruption proved that theice-age Benngian plant cover was extremely resistant to climatic extremes.
Benngian mammals crossed easily from northeasternAsia to Alaska across the Bering Land Bridge, though there are indications that they usuallywent back to Asia for the brief, but warm, summers.
Analyses of ice-age sediments uncovered very smallamounts of pollen, suggesting that Benngia lacked the quantity of vegetationneeded to support large herds of mammals.
Recent discoveries suggest that shallow-rootedplants created a fairly continuous cover over ice-age Beringia, though thecover most likely was variable and uncertain in any one location.
答案:AEF
解析:

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