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[TPO阅读] TPO45托福阅读Passage 3 题目解析完整版(小站教育出品)

 
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发表于 2016-7-18 18:50 |显示全部楼层
近期TPO托福模考软件新增了40-48套题,那么对于TPO40-48套题大家都做过了吗?
是不是有哪些题目你还不会呢?
今天这里主页君为大家带来了TPO454托福阅读Passage 3 的全套题目解析
正在备考托福阅读的考试快来学习一下吧。

TPO45托福阅读Passage 3 的阅读文章下载请点这里:http://bbs.zhan.com/thread-301697-1-1.html

1.The word "severe" in the passage isclosest in meaning to 【词汇题】
O extreme
O complex
O basic
O immediate
答案:A
解析:

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2. What can beinferred from paragraph 1 about why energy conservation is not a high priorityfor ocean animals in coastal waters during the spring? 【推断题】
O Those animalsare least active during the spring
O Thoseanimals have a plentiful supply of food
O Thoseanimals have to expend energy to avoid predators.
O Thoseanimals store energy during the colder seasons.
答案:B
解析:

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3. What can beinferred from paragraph 2 about fish? 【推断题】
O Most fish feed on plankton.
O Fish tendto avoid well-illuminated areas.
O Most fishspecies are not filter-feeders.
O Few fishspecies are successful in the near-surface layers.
答案:C
解析:

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4. According toparagraph 2, how do sardines and anchovies obtain food near the surface of theocean? 【事实信息题】
O They rely on thelarge quantities of food resources also available to local carnivores.
O They capture thelarvae of some crustaceans.
O They feed on theorganisms left over by commercial fisheries.
O They obtain algaeby using their gills as filters.
答案:D
解析:

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以下第5和第6题的题目错误
5. In paragraph 1, the author compares pollen moved bywind with letters thrown off roofs in order to 【    题】
O explain why there are relatively few species oftrees that depend on wind pollination
O compare natural, biological processes with humansocial practices
O make a point about the probability of wind-blownpollen reaching a tree of the same species
O argueagainst the common assumption that the tallest trees are the most likely toemploy wind pollination
答案:
解析:
6. Paragraph 2 suggests that wind-pollinated plants donot have bright petals, nectar, and scent for which TWO of the followingreasons? To receive credit, you must select TWO answers. 【    题】
They interfere with pollination by wind
They are easily damaged by wind.
They are unnecessary.
They reduce the amount of pollen that can beproduced.
答案:
解析:
7. The word"scarcity" in the passage is closest in meaning to 【词汇题】
O speed
O variety
O lack
O size
答案:C
解析:

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8. According to paragraph 4,deep-waterfilter-feeders have adopted all of the following ways to obtain food EXCEPT 【否定事实信息题】
O    developing larger filtering systems
O    capturing prey using sticky tentacles
O    swimming up to the surface at feeding time
O    searching in ocean layers that contain asubstantial amount of particles
答案:C
解析:

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9. Why does theauthor include the information that animals in the deep ocean place an emphasison lures" and have evolved "elongated appendages? 【修辞目的题】
O To argueagainst the view that animals in the deep ocean use more energy to find foodthando animals in shallow waters
O Toemphasize the importance of an am mars ability to control a large volume ofwater
O Toidentify some feeding strategies that animals have developed to minimize theirenergy expenditure
O To giveexamples of body structures that help those animals move quickly in deep oceanwaters
答案:C
解析:

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10. The phrase "coping with" in thepassage is closest in meaning to 【词汇题】
O Absorbing
O finding
O approaching
O managing
答案:D
解析:

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11. The word "flexible" in the passage isclosest in meaning to 【词汇题】
O huge
O adaptable
O powerful
O precise
答案:B
解析:

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12. According toparagraph 5, why do some fish swallow their prey whole? 【事实信息题】
O Their teeth are too large to allow for cuttingprey.
O They haveno jaw muscles to allow chewing.
O Swallowingprey whole results in a higher net energy gain.
O Chewingcan cause their jaws to dislocate.
答案:A
解析:

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13. Look at the four squares [] that indicate where the followingsentence could be added to the passage. 【句子插入题】
Such a passive approach requires those animalsto develop specialized methods of acquiring food.
Where would the sentence best fit? Click on asquare [■] to add the sentenceto the passage.
答案:B
解析:

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14. Directions: An introductory sentence for a briefsummary of the passage is provided below Complete the summary by selecting theTHREE answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage Somesentences do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that are notpresented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage This question isworth 2 points. 【概要小结题】
Drag your answer choices to the spaces where theybelong. To remove an answer choice, click on it.
To review the passage, click VIEW TEXT
Ocean animals have developed various strategiesfor maximizing energy input from food.
AnswerChoices
Large carnivores near the ocean surface feed mainlyon organic matter left over after it passes through the filters of thefilter-feeders.
Even in deep ocean layers where prey is relativelyhard to find, filter feeding is still the least energetically-demanding methodof obtaining food.
Animals in deeper water have evolved strategies andbody structures that allow them to use as little energy as possible inobtaining food.
Near the surface of the water, many animals obtainfood by using specialized body parts to filter plankton from the water.
Filter-feeding is more common in shallow water,where there is a higher concentration of organic matter than there is in deeperwater.
At deeper ocean levels plankton is relatively rare,requiring animals at those levels to actively search for their food sources.
答案:CDE
解析:

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TPO40-48全套托福模考软件题目+文本+音频下载:http://bbs.zhan.com/thread-301656-1-1.html
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