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[活动公告] 【新SAT考试每日一练】精选题目+重点单词+答案解析(2017/1/20-Reading)

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2017年1月【新SAT 考试每日一练】活动

2017/1/20   Reading
u=3673976411,1008374775&fm=56.jpg



今天给大家分享的练习题目是:

This passage is adapted from Anne Brontë, Agnes Grey. Originally published in 1847. The narrator, Miss Grey, has just been hired by Mr. and Mrs. Bloomfield to teach their children.

My young pupils entered the apartment, with their two younger sisters. Master Tom Bloomfield was a well-grown boy of seven, with a somewhat wiry frame, flaxen hair, blue eyes, small turned-up nose, and fair complexion. Mary Ann was a tall girl too, somewhat dark like her mother, but with a round full face and a high colour in her cheeks. The second sister was Fanny, a very pretty little girl; Mrs. Bloomfield assured me she was a remarkably gentle child, and required encouragement: she had not learned anything yet; but in a few days, she would be four years old, and then she might take her first lesson in the alphabet, and be promoted to the schoolroom. The remaining one was Harriet, a little broad, fat, merry, playful thing of scarcely two, that I coveted more than all the rest—but with her I had nothing to do.

I talked to my little pupils as well as I could, and tried to render myself agreeable; but with little success I fear, for their mother's presence kept me under an unpleasant restraint. They, however, were remarkably free from shyness. They seemed bold, lively children, and I hoped I should soon be on friendly terms with them—the little boy especially, of whom I had heard such a favourable character from his mamma. In Mary Ann there was a certain affected simper, and a craving for notice, that I was sorry to observe. But her brother claimed all my attention to himself; he stood bolt upright between me and the fire, with his hands behind his back, talking away like an orator, occasionally interrupting his discourse with a sharp reproof to his sisters when they made too much noise.

"Oh, Tom, what a darling you are!" exclaimed his mother. "Come and kiss dear mamma; and then won't you show Miss Grey your schoolroom, and your nice new books?"

"I won't kiss you, mamma; but I will show Miss Grey my schoolroom, and my new books."

"And my schoolroom, and my new books, Tom," said Mary Ann. "They're mine too."

"They're mine," replied he decisively.

Which choice best summarizes the passage?
(A) A teacher begins a new job and expresses her discomfort with being in an unfamiliar setting.
(B) A teacher enters a classroom and begins to plan the lessons she will use for her instruction.
(C) A teacher is introduced to her new students and observes their personalities and interactions.
(D) A teacher meets her new employer and worries about her employer’s disagreeable demeanor.


重点单词:
instruction        [in'strʌkʃən]        n. 说明,须知,指令,教学       
render        ['rendə]        vt. 使成为,提供,报答,着色; 执行,实施       
unpleasant        [ʌn'pleznt]        adj. 使人不愉快的,讨厌的       
orator        ['ɔrətə]        n. 演说者,演讲者,雄辩家       
observe        [əb'zə:v]        v. 观察,遵守,注意到        
certain        ['sə:tn]        adj. 确定的,必然的,特定的
bolt        [bəult]        n. 螺栓,插销,门闩       
discomfort        [dis'kʌmfət]        n. 不便之处,不适 vt. 使不适       
craving        ['kreiviŋ]        n. 渴望,热望 动词crave的现在分词
decisively                adv. 果断地;决然地


答案及解析:

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今天给大家分享的练习题目是:

Every day, countless new articles, videos and blogs are uploaded to the Internet. Most of these languish in relative obscurity. But a few go viral: they explode across the web, attracting the attention of hundreds of thousands (sometimes millions) of people in short order. Content that goes viral may remain in the public consciousness for days, weeks, or longer. So for those who want to reach a large audience—whether it's for a corporate marketing campaign or to promote a personal cause or to show the world your cat's amazing yodeling ability—the question of what makes content go viral online is important.

In our research, two of us (Milkman and Berger) have explored what it is that makes some content spread like wildfire and whether it's possible to deliberately achieve viral status. If so, what are the characteristics of viral content?

We examined what content on the New York Times' homepage is most widely shared, and what scientific research summaries are most likely to be passed along and found that viral content tends to be characterized by certain, predictable qualities. While content may be shared for many reasons, overall, content that elicits an emotional reaction tends to be more widely shared. In addition, stories stimulating positive emotions are more widely shared than those eliciting negative feelings, and content that produces greater emotional arousal (making your heart race) is more likely to go viral. This means that content that makes readers or viewers feel a positive emotion like awe or wonder is more likely to take off online than content that makes people feel sad or angry, though causing some emotion is far better than inspiring none at all.

Likelihood of Sharing by Video Category, on a Scale of 1 (low) to 7 (high)



Based on the passage and the table, the average score for the likelihood of sharing a video categorized as "sad" would most likely be ________
(A) below 1.
(B) between 1.51 and 4.62.
(C) between 4.81 and 5.
(D) above 5.


重点单词:
stimulating                adj. 刺激的,令人兴奋的 动词stimulate的现        
promote        [prə'məut]        vt. 促进,提升,升迁; 发起; 促销        
score        [skɔ:]        n. 得分,刻痕,二十,乐谱        
status        ['steitəs]        n. 地位,身份,情形,状况        
certain        ['sə:tn]        adj. 确定的,必然的,特定的        
campaign        [kæm'pein]        n. 运动,活动,战役,竞选运动        
overall        [əuvə'rɔ:l]        adj. 全部的,全体的,一切在内的        
neutral        ['nju:trəl]        adj. 中立的,中性的        
consciousness        ['kɔnʃəsnis]        n. 意识,知觉,自觉,觉悟
spread        [spred]        v. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒


答案及解析:
本帖隐藏的内容答案:B
解析:Choice B is the best answer. According to the passage, "content that makes readers or viewers feel a positive emotion like awe or wonder is more likely to take off than content that makes people feel sad or angry, though causing some emotion is far better than inspiring none at all." This suggests that the average score for the likelihood of sharing a video that makes viewers feel sad would be higher than that for a video that inspires no emotion ("neutral," 1.51) and lower than that for videos that inspire a positive emotion ("cute," 4.62, and "funny," 4.81). Therefore, it seems most likely that the average score for a video categorized as "sad" would be between 1.51 and 4.62.

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