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Question: Summarize the points in the lecture, being sure to explain how they address the specific concerns about forest fires described in the reading passage.
The speaker and the author hold divergent attitudes toward the problem that whether the \\\"let it burn\\\" policy should be replaced or not.Through relevant reasons and examples,the lecture extensively refutes the viewpoints stated in the reading material.

  Above all,according to the writer,Yellowstone fires caused disastarous impact to the park\\\'s plants,which made the park like a devastated wasteland.To rebut this point,the professor claims that fires helped the local plants became more diversity.To some extent,it offers an opportunity for the growth of small plants and offers a better place for certain seeds due to the high level of heat.So instead of damage the vegetation,it benefits the plants a lot.Thus,the assumption of the writer is severely weakened.

  Second,the writer indicates that the fires also affected the wildlife in the park by destructing the habitats and disrupting the food chains.However, the professor challenges this idea by arguing that not only the population of animals recovered but also the fire offered new opportunity for wildlife,that is,with the increase of small plants,they may provide ideal habitats for certain animals,such as rabbits and hares.And these animals could be the food of their predators,so it just constructed a stronger food chains in the park instead of disrupting the chains,which contradicts the idea in the passage.

  Finally,the writer takes it for granted that the fires caused an unnfavorable effect on the local economy ,because it lead to the readuce of tourists.But the professor insists that such unusual fires would not happen every year and the cause of the fires would not occur again since it happened.She adds that toursits still coming and visiting the park each year.So the fires have no influence on the local economy,which completely rejects the point shown in the passage.



Question:
Do you agree or disagree with following statement?
Successful people try new things and take risks rather than only doing what they already know how to do well.
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  In order to get the key to success,whether or not people need to try new things and take riskes is controversial.Different people may have different opinions.Despite what some people maintain that it may be easier for people to reach success through doing what they alreadly do well.I will show my appreciation to the viewpoint that successful people are those who never afraid of new challenges and do their utmost to overcome the obstacles.Since that only through trying new things continually and taking risk bravely can one get the key to success.

Above all, what should be emphasized is that it is a must to continually accept new things to ensure sustainable success.Just as the saying gose,\\\"The world is in perpetual motion.\\\"Thus, adapting to new change is a fundamental quality that ought be possessed by a successful man.If a person cannot move ahead,he will certainly lag behind in the fast social development.To illustrate,it is the ambition of many players to break up the current record.However,after breaking the record,in order to keep up the pace and hold the record,one must face with more new challenges from other players.Without doubt,only those who can continue to work hard and confront new challenges are able to make new breakthroughs,and then they can keep their success fresh.

  Second,it is well-insightful that there is no royal road to success.To some extent,the willingness to take risks pave the way for people to reach the success.Chances only favor those who have well prepared their minds.Indeed,life is just like an adventure,the way to sucess along with numerous challenges and obstacles,without taking risks,one can never notice the new chances along the road.For instance,according to the survey conducted by a research team,they interviewed 1000 successful people in the world,among over half of them were mentioned that the secret to success is that they are not fear about taking risks whenever a critical decision need to be made.Indeed,the risk-taking quality can be found in many notable individuals.After all,Rome was not built in a day.The way to success is painstaking and need one to be well equipped with quality of risk-taking.

  Last but not the least,it is unwise to feel overly proud  and content with the past achievements.Let bygones be bygones.I can still remember a story in a classic movie,there was a players who always won in the competitions,he recevied extremely high prestige and numerous rewards.However,he was so proud with the glories he received and stopped practicing his skills.So,the result is that he was defeated by a new player after two years.Similar stories can be traced throughout human history,and the conclusion is that success belongs to people who look foreward instead of looking behind.

  To sum up,from what has been discussed above,since success is waitting for people who are more likely to accept new challenges and take risks in their life,we may safely draw the conclusion that successful people try new things and take risks instead of only doing what they already know how to do well.



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