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[Jessica.Zhang老师已改] 【求翻牌】160625CN: The government can take a variety of actions to help protect the

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发表于 2017-9-22 11:34 |显示全部楼层
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160625CN: The government can take a variety of actions to help protect the environment. Which one of the following do you think is the most important for the nation’s government to take to protect the environment.
1. Fund the research to develop environmentally friendly energy sources such as solar and wind energy.
2. Preserve the natural places like forests and protect the animals that live there.
3. Enforce laws to prevent the pollution of air and water by large companies.

Thousands years of human history being through reflect the trail, from ancestors to we generation, that how government addressed numerous environmental problems, especially those toughest and stubborn conundrums recurring periodically. Until now, there’s still a concern about which way is effective in the environment protection. Personally speaking, I insist the idea that passing laws to prevent companies from polluting air and water could be a better choice.
Though there are another approaches that governments take into consideration, the weaknesses of them cannot be easily eliminated. Firstly, by providing fund for the research dealing with the problem of energy sources, government can be able to have a better understanding in the use of solar and wind energy and other types of energy sources. However, prior to investment, where to get enough fund is a serious problem. In addition, even though the government could preserve the natural places the animals inhibited, they cannot prevent people from polluting it again. Consequently, government still need to rely on enforcing laws to prohibit behaviors which might scout a bad result to environment.
With assistance of laws, environment can help people form a sense of conservation of natural resources . As more and more modern machines with better and better techniques, the major problem of environment in modern society is not about how to make use of energy reasonably, but how to exploit them in the long-term without exhausting them completely. Some private owners of natural land or fishing areas are limited to asses the limit of these resources. Therefore, they might overexploiting the land or overfishing with their sophisticated vessels. If certain laws could be passed to prevent this, people might develop a capacity to manage these recourse efficiently. A good case is Cape Cod. Once there was a large amount of cod fish. However, with the development of fishing industry causing damage to the environment, the number of cod fish went down about 5% annually. As a result, the cod fish nearly extinct and fishing industry there became unprofitable. So passing laws to protect natural resources is a urgent matter.
Besides the sense of environment protection, legislation can avoid some malicious acts to the environment. Now in cities, tremendous particles caused by transportations spread widely in all around us. If  these particles, such as sulfuric dioxide, monoxide and other chemical compounds, were trapped through people’s noses or mouths, it will cause cough, fever and asthma. In this way, enforcing laws to restrict the use of fossil fuels in transportations, to some extent, can alleviate these problems. On top of that, for the development and profit, many factories have discharged sewage into water bodies within the first grade surface sources protection zones for domestic and drinking water even though they know this behavior will bring about bad results. In this way, only laws could be a effective way to forbid this.

On balance, Compared to providing fund and conserving natural resources, passing laws is a more effective way and, considering the function of it, cannot be replaced.


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