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发表于 2018-1-13 15:43 |显示全部楼层
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You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:In a number of countries, some people think it is necessary to spend large sums of money on constructing new railway lines for very fast trains between cities. Others believe the money should be spent on improving existing public transport.Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.Write at least 250 words.


Given the fixed amount of governmental finance in terms of city transportation, controversy arise as to whether this fixed amount of money should be invested in the construction of new railway lines or in the improvement of the existing ones.

Advocates for constructing new railway lines based their arguments on the fact of sprawling cities as a result of development of modern cities. With the growing size of central area, the once peripheral regions may now have been changed into a new central district, with the result that the construction of new railway lines becomes a necessity. This is the case in Guangzhou, where the recent years has witnessed a number of new railway lines, such as Guangzhou-Nansha line, Guangzhou-Foshan line have been under construction as GZ is sprawling around. Additionally, the positive effect of a new railway lines includes great reduction in relation to the amount of time spent in commuting. An example may be found in the railway starting from Western Kowloon to Nansha, Guangzhou, which is now under construction. It is believed that the successful launch of this railway will offer great convenience to the businessmen commuting between GZ and HK, by greatly shortening the time to less than an hour.

On the other side of this spectrum are supporters arguing that the money is supposed to be used for the renovation purpose.  As the existing ones(e.g. express road) are still in function, the renovation scheme will save money, labor and time, compared with the proposal of constructing a new railway line. This argument hold true in the case of Guangzhou-Qingyuan connection. As little economic benefit will be foreseen if construction proposal is approved, thus the proposal for improving existing express road was adopted, so as to avoid the potential embarrassing outcome that investment may well not be returned due to weak demand for a new and expensive means of transportation(i.e. railway line).

My personal view is that arguments on both sides has its merits. However, depending on various situations, on proposal will be more preferable to the other one. Whereas a new railway line construction may bring benefit in terms of time and macro-economy, the cost incurred by individual will be higher. Conversely, improvement scheme is arguably a better option if the situation corresponds to that which is aforementioned.





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发表于 2018-1-17 15:32 |显示全部楼层
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发表于 2018-1-17 17:41 |显示全部楼层
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发表于 2018-1-17 18:46 |显示全部楼层
On the other side of this spectrum are supporters arguing that the money is supposed to be used for the renovation purpose.  As the existing ones (e.g. express road) are still operative, the renovation scheme will save money, labor and time, compared with the proposal of constructing a new railway line. This argument holds true in the case of Guangzhou-Qingyuan connection. As little economic benefit could be foreseen if construction proposal was approved, thus the proposal for improving existing express road was adopted, so as to avoid the potential embarrassing outcome that investment may well not be returned due to a potential weak demand for this new and expensive means of transportation (i.e. railway line).
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发表于 2018-1-19 12:30 |显示全部楼层
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