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[托福问答] TPO14 阅读3第十题

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发表于 2018-4-26 20:46 |显示全部楼层
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Inequalities of wealth and rank certainly exist, and have probably existed in most pastoralist societies, but except in periods of military conquest, they are normally too slight to generate the stable, hereditary hierarchies that are usually implied by the use of the term class.
这句话的意思是,战乱时期更难形成统治阶级吧?


According to paragraph 4, all of the following are true of social inequality in pastoralist societies EXCEPT:


A. It exists and has existed to some degree in most pastoral societies.
B. It is most marked during periods of military conquest.
C. It is expressed in the form of a rigid hierarchy based largely on heredity.
D. It is usually too insignificant to be discussed in terms of class differences.

为什么正确答案是C而不是B?以下是解析。

EXCEPT题,排除法,此题较难。A的some degree做关键词定位至倒数第二段的前半句,正确,不选;B的military conquest做关键词定位至倒数第二句的逗号之后,原文说除了military conquest之外都很不明显,也就是B说的military conquest期间明显,所以B正确,不选;C的rigid hierarchy做关键词定位至倒数第二句后半句,原文说平时不明显,也就是不能express,而C说能express,所以C说反,选;D的class difference做关键词定位至数第二句后半句,原文说平时不显著,所以D说对,不选。


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