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[经验分享] 托福写作万能理由汇总

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发表于 2014-12-16 19:10 | 小站托福TPO客户端

扫一扫,托福考试提分利器就到手

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在新托福写作考试中,为了更好的表达观点,节省思考时间,考生可以提前准备一些托福作文万能理由,在考试过程中熟练化用。写一篇托福作文就如同做一盘菜,如何要将其做的色香味俱全,就靠厨子的功夫了。如果能够将““万金油””用好,用熟,就能达到事半功倍的效果。

“万金油”是油,要用,还要活用
  在托福考试时,首先是时间紧。要在半小时内完成400字左右的文章;其次,在很短时间内要根据题目想出几条支持自己论点的理由,并将其有序地组织起来,构成文章,而且还要做到语言地道。所以考生很容易手忙脚乱。所以为了避免这种情况的发生,让考生在短时间内完成一篇高质量的文章,把这盘菜做好,就需要“万金油”出场了。
  要做菜,油是必不可少的。同样,在托福作文中,也一定会用到““万金油””。用的时候切忌生搬硬套,要灵活运用。
  在有限的时间内,在确立了我们要写的中心论点之后,就要想出几个分论点,这时可以通过“万金油”来帮助我们节省时间,迅速定位,快速进入写作状态。

比如:Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Nowadays, people are putting too much emphasis on appearance and fashion. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer。
  解这道题目,首先从自己出发,怎么好写,怎么容易写,去确定自己的中心论点。假如从disagree 的角度出发,要从哪几个分论点去论述人们并没有对外表和时尚putting too much emphasis 呢?
  考生在现场可能会抓耳挠腮,一时不知从何下手,这时我们可以借助戴云老师的10个分类“万金油”去一一验证。
  首先,可以从适用范围最广的三个万能理由去分析可行不可行:Career preparation/increase knowledge/new experiences。
  对时尚外表的关注可以帮助我们的Career preparation——事业成功吗?——成功 ,也就是十类中的“成功”。
  答案是可以!注重外表,关注时尚反映一个人的生活品味,个人气质会提升,进而引起人们的关注,这自然会为自己带来意想不到的工作机会,进而发展自己的事业。你可以举例,XX就是因为平常对时尚的关注,注重外表,气质好,给人印象深刻,而在面试中脱颖而出,成功地得到一份好的工作。
  接下来从其他十个分类中,进行快速定位,寻找分论点。国家与文明, 国家的范畴很大,可以展开论述。就其中的公益和慈善方面,可以举例。由于人们以时尚的关注,还能帮助他人,比如最近的“犀利哥事件”,从一个普通的流浪乞丐,因为其与众不同的穿着打扮,引起人们的关注,进而帮助他与家人团聚,唤起了人们对弱势群体的关注,进而促进了社会和谐。
  第三个“健康和安全”也能用,可以说人们对时尚外表的关注,自然会崇尚健康的护肤产品,保养品,要注意保持身材,就会关注健身,要穿用对人们身体好的布料做的衣服,进而提高了人的身体健康。
  第四个,经济。人们关注外表和时尚,就会进行大量消费,可以用一组数据来证明,时尚业对经济的贡献。消费刺激市场,进而推动经济发展。
  第五个,幸福和情感。现代生活的压力越来越大,人们希望可以放松身心,对时尚和外表的关注,可以让人们的身心得到愉悦,缓解工作中的压力。人们只是借助时尚来放松娱乐自己,使自己的生活更加精彩,并不是put too much emphasis。

通过分析这道题目,我们可以看出“万金油”真的可以在托福作文中助我们一臂之力,在紧张的考场中,只要脑中有了“万金油”,就不愁找不到论点。但我们要把它用好,用对,否则会达到反效果。一定要用具体例子来辅助它,这样才可以使“做的饭菜更香”。

下面有一些万能理由给大家参考。要做到灵活运用,但也不可迷信这些内容。

  【插图】
  there are a great many beautiful and delicate pictures to illustrate the words and make it more understandable. With those wonderful pictures, learning can be real fun and easy!
  【环境优美】
  The amazing part is its picturesque view and enjoyable surroundings. Having a walk beside the lake and rockery, I can smell the fragrance of grass and the flowers, hear the cries of the birds and feel the bracing breeze on my face.
  【学习英语】
  With the language surroundings, it’ll be easy for me to polish my speaking and listening skills.This can render me a good opportunity to practice my English, and eventually put me in a favorable position in the upcoming competition.
  【勇敢】
  You’ve got to have faith and courage; the only thing we have to fear is fear itself. In this rapid developing society, if we’re easily freaked out by various challenges, then there’s no way we can succeed.
  【放松】
  It drives away my lassitude and helps me relax and relieve the pressure from work and study. What’s more? It even puts me in a better mood and wards off the depression and pessimism .
  【好笑】
  The scene is extremely hilarious and funny and make me laugh. Laugh can definitely drive away my lassitude and helps me relax and relieve the pressure from work and study. What’s more? It even puts me in a better mood and wards off the depression and pessimism .
  【结交朋友】
  I would be able to make friends with those who share the same love for this. Perhaps we can have a little get-together. We can talk, laugh, I mean, exchange our ideas and share our feelings. We all feel like one big family.
  【榜样作用】
  Since he is the role model for us, heneeds to speak and behave appropriately, in order to set a good example for us. No one can deny that a good example can exert an profound influence on the people.
  【守信】
  He is a man of his word and he never breaks his promise. I remember once I asked him to pick up my cousin when I couldn’t come back. He did so even though he had caught a bad cold. I said thanks and sorry but he said it’s ok because he promised me. It is the characteristic of keeping faith enabled him to win my complete trust.
  【热心】
  He is very obliging. Whenever you are in trouble, he is always the first one who comes up and gives you the shirt off his back. Once my computer was attacked by Trojan horse, it is him who spent four hours to help me get rid of it.
  【善于表达】
  He should be expressive to convey his ideas effectively and efficiently. He is supposed to speak loud and clear and be able to put difficult things in a way that is easy to understand. Only in this way can we fully comprehend his idea and better do our own job.
  【体贴】
  He is considerate and shows much care and concern about others. He is always trying to look at things from your angle and not to hurt you or upset you. For example, knowing that I am taking a nap or reading books, he would turn down the volume of the CD player.
  【节约时间】
  It’s such a time saver. In this fast-paced society, we all do our utmost to keep up with time. With the time it saves for us, we can do various meaningful things thus make the most of precious time which elapses every second
  【避免堵车】
  Since there is no traffic jam in subway lines, passengers can perfectly avoid the unpleasant traffic congestion. On one hand, it saves us time, on the other hand it’ll make it easier for us to make plans and schedules. In contrast, other vehicles running on the roads and streets are extremely subject to traffic conditions.
  【覆盖面广】
  The subway system cover almost all the major parts of the cities, stations can be seen everywhere. So it would be more convenient to go out by subway.

A. Health and safety
(nutrient\relax our mind\relieve the pressure\food safety\daily habits\body injury\physical exercises) 可适用题目
1. Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people prefer to prepare and eat food at home. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. nutrient\ food safety
2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? All students should be required to study art and music in secondary school. relax our mind\relieve the pressure  
B. Convenience
(save/waste time) \flexible schedule\traffic\entertainment\keep fit\ catering \shopping\education\medical treatment) 可适用题目
1. In the future, students may have the choice of studying at home by using technology such as computers or television or of studying at traditional schools. Which would you prefer? Use reasons and specific details to explain your choice. save/ time \flexible schedule
2. Some people prefer to live in a small town. Others prefer to live in a big city. Which place would you prefer to live in? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.    traffic\entertainment\keep fit\ catering \shopping\education\medical treatment  
C. economy
(employment\industry\tertiary industry\salary\expenditure\profit\tax\traveling) 可适用题目
1. A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the factory? Explain your position. employment\tax\tertiary industry
2. It has recently been announced that a new high school may be built in your community. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details in your answer. employment\tax\tertiary industry
D. communication
(make friends\collective activities\family \colleague\leader) 可适用题目
1. Some people like to travel with a companion. Other people prefer to travel alone. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. make friends\collective activities\family
2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? One of the best ways that parents can help their teenage children prepare for adult life is to encourage them to take a part-time job. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. make friends  
E.Environment protection 可适用题目
(ecological balance:desertification, sand storm, drought, flood)\ the protection of animals and plants\environment protection: greenhouse gases/ozone/acid rain/global warming)
1. A company is going to give some money either to support the arts or to protect the environment. Which do you think the company should choose? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. desertification, sand storm, drought, flood)\ the protection of animals and plants\environment protection: greenhouse gases/ozone/acid rain/global warming
2. Some people believe that the Earth is being harmed (damaged) by human activity. Others feel that human activity makes the Earth a better place to live. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
desertification, sand storm, drought, flood)\ the protection of animals and plants\environment protection: greenhouse gases/ozone/acid rain/global warming  
H. Personality
(competence\intelligence\
perseverance)\diligence\independence\responsibility\
tolerance\consideration\modesty\honesty) 可适用题目
1. What are some of the qualities of a good parent? Use specific details and examples to explain your answer.
responsibility\ tolerance\consideration
2. Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what are the qualities of a good neighbor? Use specific details and examples in your answer. tolerance\consideration\ honesty


万能理由就是:(与人相关)交流,利他,情绪,性格,经验,乐趣,健康,成就;(与物相关)方便,安全,经济(实惠),效率,环境,耐用。背记每个词的第一个字,将它们连起来便是:“交利情性,经乐健成;方安经,效环耐。”这些理由就构成了你的主体段,通常每段写一个理由就好。当然,就像刚刚说到的那样,要在段落里适当填充细节句群。

音乐和艺术,可以是人们交流的话题、谈资;可以舒缓紧张的情绪、修身养性;可以培养兴趣;音乐还可以治病,比如许多心理医生采取音乐疗法;另外,钻研音乐和艺术还可以成就大师,比如举世闻名的钢琴家、画家等等。你看,这样一来,托福独立作文就不怕没话可写了!

如果还不过瘾,你可以再学一招。想想家人、朋友;个人、集体;中国、外国;政治、经济、文化、教育、科技、法律等。这样,你的思路是不是开阔了很多呢?


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